About 54 per cent of the sub-continent’s land mass is vulnerable to earthquakes while about 4 crore hectares is vulnerable to periodic floods. Another thing that might lead to a big loss during certain disasters is the secure utilities and properly manages inability (Pearce, 2003). According to Joyce (2005) common difficulties with using reflective journals involve procrastination, fading, eagerness, and also reluctance or lack of ability to reflect. A disaster is a serious disruption occurring over a short or long period of time that causes widespread human, material, economic or environmental loss which exceeds the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources. 500+ Words Essay on Natural Disasters. Essay, Geography, Disasters, Natural Disasters, Essay on Natural Disasters. Though the regions of the country away from the Himalayas and other inter-plate boundaries were considered to be relatively safe from damaging earthquakes, the presence of a large number of non-engineering structures and buildings with poor foundations in these areas make these regions also susceptible to earthquakes. A concept essay is a type of a literary essay piece that is used to present an idea or a topic with the sole purpose of providing a clear definition and explanation. Introduction to Disaster Risk Reduction: Disaster Risk reduction (DRR) aims to reduce the damage caused by natural hazards like earthquakes, floods, droughts and cyclones, through an ethic of prevention. Copyright 9. There have been an increasing number of natural disaster over the past years, and with it, increasing losses on account of urbanisation and population growth, as a result of which the impact of natural disasters is now felt to a larger extent. And first of all, the equipment should be provided for people with disabilities, children, and elderly people. share and spread risk to prevent disaster losses being absorbed by other development outcomes and creating additional poverty; Although DRM includes disaster preparedness and response activities, it is about much more than managing disasters (UNISDR, 2015a). India’s long coastline of 7,516 kilometer is exposed to nearly 10 per cent of the world’s tropical cyclones. Probably the best documented of these events is the occurrence at Noshiro, Japan, in 1983 which caused approximately 100 deaths and extensive property damage and flooding. Beyond the toll on human life, the costs of disasters were estimated at more than US$ 2 trillion over the last two decades. You don't have to waste your time writing an essay! This included 60 pilgrims going to Lake. Christophe Béné . Though limited in scope and outlays, the Scheme has made an impact on the training and research activities in the country. Moreover, the Oxford English Dictionary defines disaster as it is “A sudden accident or a natural catastrophe that causes great damage or loss of life; also, an event or fact leading to ruin or failure.” Moreover, the German Red Cross defines disaster as an “extraordinary situation in which the everyday lives of people are suddenly interrupted and thus protection, nutrition, clothing, housing, medical and … Windstorms influence precipitation systems floods and, most importantly, cause severe destruction to crops and properties. Development activities that do not consider the disaster loss perspective fail to be sustainable. Physical vulnerabilities have a direct impact on the population their proximity to the hazard zone and standards of safety maintained to counter the effects. to the environment. Disasters strike in every corner of the world, during every season, and on different scales throughout the year. 2.1 Disaster Although the focus of disaster reduction is not on any actual disaster event itself, disaster remains the main focus. This may include tsunami, fires, floods, droughts, floods, etc. Mansarovar in Tibet. A reflection paper refers to one where the student expresses their thoughts and sentiments about specific issues. Engr. Research Fellow in the Vulnerability and Poverty Reduction team and member of the Centre for Social Protection at the Institute of Development Studies. Trauma is a big after effect of natural disasters and getting counseling has been the focus of aid-to heal emotionally as well as physically. Disaster: a serious disruption of the functioning of society, causing widespread human, material or environmental losses, which exceed the ability of the affected communities to cope using their own resources. Information and training on ways to better respond to and mitigate disasters to the responders go a long way in building the capacity and resilience of the country to reduce and prevent disasters. Changes in disaster study become visible with the theories related to a cultural protection collapse. Scientists, geologists, and storm watchers work hard to predict major disasters and avert as much damage as possible. Concept of Disaster 1. Today increasing attention is being paid to windstorms, particularly tropical cyclones as some scientists see their incidence as being a possible indicator of global climatic change and predict an increase in their frequency. It may be a template on one’s opinions on facts, events, controversy et al. Even though this essay isn’t very long, it’s a good example of the core component of the reflective essay: an explanation of how an event or experience affects the writer. A high level of readiness lets them have good control over their potential loss. Top 5 Rules for writing Hook Reflection Paper . Prior to starting a reflection paper, you need to articulate and integrate your classroom experiences and core theme of readings or observations. Whether a disaster is man-made or natural, it can occur at any time and anywhere. Example analytical essay - page 1 Example reflective essay - page 11 EXAMPLE ANALYTICAL ESSAY This example of an analytical essay is presented in association with Price, B and Harrington, A (2010) Critical Thinking and Writing for Nursing Students, Exeter, Learning Matters. All natural disasters cause loss in some way. Tsunami, or seismic sea waves, are large ocean waves generated by impulses from geophysical events occurring on the ocean floor or along the coastline, such as earthquakes, landslides and volcanic eruptions. Disaster insurance mostly works under the premise of ‘higher the risk higher the premium, lesser the risk lesser the premium’, thus creating awareness towards vulnerable areas and motivating people to settle in relatively safer areas? We'll find the best writer for you subject! Essay Sample: Name: Rivera, Rosalynd L. Prof. Tiongson Student No. reduced exposure to hazards; lessening of vulnerability of people and assets; effective management of land and the environment; improved preparedness for adverse events ; Disaster risk reduction usually requires long … Homes destroyed by floods, hurricanes, cyclones, landslides and avalanches, a volcanic eruption, or an earthquake are often beyond repair or take a lot of time to become livable again. Tone and Structure. II. The major loss due to forest fire is caused to the environment which gets adversely affected by this calamity. Constructions in hazardous areas like flood plains or steep soft slopes are more vulnerable to disasters. The direct hazards of volcanic eruptions are: In addition indirectly they are associated with earthquake and tsunami events. Mostly occurring in the Pacific Ocean, tsunamis, although hardly noticeable at sea, can reach gigantic proportions as they reach shallow, coastal waters. III. Reflective diaries or periodicals may be an effectual tool for self – assessment and development of reflective skill, specifically reflection on practice (Joyce, 2005). If we take it in the Indian context, the five year plans have never really taken into consideration the issues relating to the management and mitigation of natural disasters. Going beyond the historical focus on relief and rehabilitation after the event, we now have to look ahead and plan for disaster preparedness and mitigation, in order that the periodic shocks to our development efforts are minimized. An Introduction to Disaster Management Concept and Meaning A disaster is a consequence of a sudden disastrous event which seriously disrupts the normal function of the society or the community to the extent that it cannot subsist without outside help. For reflective essay examples, readers expect you to evaluate a specific part of your life. The writer of this essay discusses a personal struggle with anorexia. IV. St Helena, Krakatoa, and Mt, Pelee are significant because of either the enormity of the eruption or the resulting death tool. The impact of cyclones goes far beyond just deaths and building damage. Disaster management may not be directly associated with planned financing, but number of schemes are in operation, such as for drought proofing, afforestation, drinking water, etc., which deal with the prevention and mitigation of the impact of natural disasters. This was the Halifax Disaster documented account and the occurrence of the social change. The other parts of the country dominated by deciduous forest are also damaged by fire up to an extent. The environmental consequence of volcanic eruption without or with anthropogenic emission is shown in Fig. Training is an integral part of capacity building as trained personnel respond much better to different disaster sand appreciate the need for preventive measures. However, a reflective essay definition is quite simple: you need to describe a certain event or a personal experience, analyzing it and the lessons you have learned. Natural Disaster Essay. Preventing injury and deaths after a natural disaster is possible only with the plans of good evacuation, design standards, and environmental planning. There is no doubt that the earth is experiencing on of the most intense periods of volcanism in the last 10,000 years. Average annual physical loss due to forest fire in the country is estimated to worth Rs.440 crores. Account Disable 11. These are followed by adequate preparedness measures that should include an analysis of the relief management capacity. Disaster management programme must strive to build a disaster resilient community equipped with safer living and sustainable livelihoods to serve its own development purposes. Natural Disaster- Concept and Its Classification About 60 per cent of the landmass in India is susceptible to earthquakes and over 8 per cent is prone to floods. Within this scheme, NCDM has conducted over 50 training programme, training more than 1000 people, while 24 disaster management centers with dedicated faculty have been established in the states. There is a need to focus and develop a plan that would focus on disaster management planning for prevention, reduction, mitigation, preparedness and response to reduce life and property due to natural disaster. Natural disasters know no political boundaries and have no social or economic considerations. Frequency of earthquakes, mega storms, and heat waves has gone up considerably in the last few decades. Each of these forms is paired with its diagonal opposite. Early warning and emergency relief operation are the major management activity. Specialised courses should be treated as a distinct academic and professional discipline, the subject needs to be discussed and taught as a specific component in professional and specialised courses like medicine, nursing, engineering, environmental sciences, architecture, and town and country planning. Disaster A disaster is a result from the combination of hazard, vulnerability and insufficient capacity or measures to reduce the potential chances of risk. This period began at the beginning of the seventh century, concomitant with global cooling that peaked in the little ice age. There is a need for strengthening specialized training, including training of personnel in disaster response. There are many hazardous phenomena produced directly or as secondary effects, by volcanic eruptions. Successful DRR results from the combination of top-down, institutional changes and strategies, with bottom-up, local and community … Avoid slang and … Of approximately 90 million hectares of rain-fed areas, about 40 million hectares are prone to scanty or no rain. The earth has been affected by natural hazards over a long time as man emerged into the picture – the picture that the natural occurrences were becoming a disaster, together with being documented in various ways providing a warning for the future generation. In the hilly terrain of India including the Himalayas, landslides have been a major and widely spread natural disasters that often strike life and property and occupy a position of major concern. There are organizations set up with the primary goal of being prepared for natural disasters. There are many Natural disasters that damage the environment and the people living in it. Although often used interchangeably with DRR, disaster risk management (DRM) can be thought of as the implementation of DRR, since it describes the actions that aim to achieve the objective of reducing risk. Writing Tips, Samples and News for Students. Disasters often result in enormous economic losses that are both immediate as well as long term in nature and demand additional revenues. Second, it works to address four separate learning styles. If you don’t feel comfortable about including something personal, don’t include it or write about it general terms. risk reduction in Africa with the internationally acceptable concepts is logical. Their usual content are those topics that may have previously been presented but were not given with full emphasis. Recovery does not occur at the same pace for all who are affected by disasters or for all types of impacts. Less severe cyclonic activity has been noticed on the West Coast, with 33 cyclones occurring in the same period, out of which 19 of these were severe. When you reflect critically, you use course material (lectures, readings, discussions, etc.) Disaster and emergency management entails four main stages that include preparedness, mitigation, response and recovery. According to the United Nations, in 2001 alone, natural disasters of medium to high range caused at least 25,000 deaths around the world, more than double the previous year, and economic losses of around US $ 36 billion. In conclusion, group leaders or counselors may have their work cut out for them or they may experience a rewarding and prosperous future in the industry. Environmental protection, afforestation programme, pollution control, construction of earthquake resistant structures etc., should therefore have high priority within the plans Mitigation measures on individual structures can be achieved by design standards building codes and performance specifications. Feel free to buy an online essay on Disaster Management from our professional essay writing service. Many mid-latitude cyclonic depressions can give rise to exceptionally heavy rain and widespread flooding and snow fall too. When a disaster occurs, these tools and techniques can be used to control total damage of belongings and life. Contamination of water supplies and destruction of crops can also lead to disease and starvation. Devastations in the aftermath of powerful earthquakes that struck Gujarat, El Salvador and Peru; floods that ravaged many countries in Africa, Asia and elsewhere; droughts that plagued Central Asia including Afghanistan, Africa and Central America; the cyclone in Madagascar and Orissa; and floods in Bolivia are global events in recent memory. These statements breathe life into your essay as your readers start picturing what you’ve written in their minds. Here is a compilation of essays on ‘Natural Disasters’ for class 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. The increase in the use of high-technology equipment and tools in manufacturing and service industries have also made them susceptible to disruption due to relatively moderate ground shaking. Necessary mitigation measures need to be built into the design and costing of development projects. Disasters also help to set in motion sincere research and study of the factors that caused the disaster and of better ways to predict and prevent such disasters in the future. Disasters may also reduce availability of new investment, further constricting the growth of the region. ← Narrative Essay on a Life Changing Moment A partial geographical distribution of tsunamis is given in Table 30.2: Over past two thousand years there have been 10, 00,000 deaths attributed to tsunami in the Pacific region alone. So a flood on an uninhabited island would not count as a disaster, but a flood in a populated area is called a natural disaster. As you can see, like most essays, the reflective essay follows a basic essay format. Giving due consideration to the severity of the problem various land reform measures have been initiated as mitigation measures. The traditional perception has been limited to the idea of “calamity relief”, which is seen essentially as a non-plan item of expenditure. Have tropical cyclone frequencies or their intensities increased with global changes throughout the last century? In Himalayas, avalanches are common in Drass, Pir Panijat, Lahaul-Spiti and Badrinath areas. The increase in earthquake risk in India in recent times is caused due to a spurt in developmental activities driven by urbanization, economic development and the globalization of India’s economy. A reflection essay is a personal form of writing because it contains your opinions and feelings about something. About 50 million people are affected annually by drought. Self-reflection is a personal experience. The mathematical concepts that were focused on throughout the second part of Math for Elementary Teachers were on measurement, geometry, probability, and data analysis. As you write one, you need to reflect, think, and explain. The prediction systems related to volcanic activity has improved considerably during past few decades. An analysis of the frequency of cyclones on the East and West Coasts of India between 1891 and 1990 shows that nearly 262 cyclones occurred (92 severe) in a 50 km wide strip on the East Coast. Social changes aren’t always for the better since they tend to affect population resources (Oliver, 2002). A reflection paper starts with a basic outlook on different thoughts and it is usually about the film, idea, lecture, or even a historical personality. Disaster The term disaster owes its … Floods in the Indo-Gangetic-Brahmaputra plains are an annual feature. Introduction. Written typically from a first-person point of view, these types of essays take the reader through a journey of growth and discovery.. Various changes in social life can be caused by disasters. Report a Violation 10. A reflective essay deviates from typical academic writing because it invites you to use your own experiences and perceptions as evidence. Sustainability is the key word in the development process. The definition of natural disasters is any catastrophic event that is caused by nature or the natural processes of the earth. Areas that are not used to disasters affected by flash floods or sudden hail storms can be affected in an extreme way. The disaster potential is particularly high at the time of landfall in the north Indian Ocean (Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea) due to the accompanying destructive wind, storm surges and torrential rainfall. The need of the hour is to chalk out a multi-pronged strategy for total risk management, comprising prevention, preparedness, response and recovery on the one hand, and initiate development efforts aimed towards risk reduction and mitigation, on the other. All rights reserved. Though often caused by nature, disasters can have human origins. People will step in and donate items, time, and skills in order to help those affected by a natural disaster. It requires the contributions of many different areas—ranging from training and logistics, to health care, recovery, livelihood to institutional development. However, only a few of the 22 countries most at risk are considered to have standard operating procedures for immediate evacuation or reliable, rapid communication systems capable of receiving real-time warnings from the Pacific Tsunami Warning Centre. Some of the important steps in this regard are: 1. People have also shown that they can rebuild, lives can be remade or start over. Depending on the severity, lives can be lost in any number of disasters. While the concept of disaster phases may be a useful heuristic device for researchers and practitioners, the concept may also mask both how phases overlap and how recovery proceeds differently for different social groups (Neal, 1997). Professional training in disaster management is essential and should be built into the existing pedagogic research and education. Part One a. Theological Definition Predestination is a Calvinist doctrine, which governs the degree of control which God exercises over the affairs of human beings, and, indeed, all things that occur on Earth.Calvinist predestination insists that God basically has determined all things which have occurred, and will occur. The fact that tsunamis can travel 10,000 km at velocities exceeding 900 km per hour with little loss of energy and are, therefore, capable of hitting areas not directly affected by the inducing event, has led to the establishment of a tsunami early warning service for the whole circum-Pacific area. Preparing for disasters means setting up and developing activities that will prevent deaths and minimize damages (Pearce, 2003). The Central Sector Scheme of Natural Disaster Management Programme has been implemented since 1993-94 by the Department of Agriculture and Co-operation with the objective to focus on disaster preparedness with emphasis on mitigation and preparedness measures for enhanced capability to reduce the adverse impact of disasters. Efforts are required for identifying such vulnerable groups and providing special assistance in terms of evacuation, relief, aid and medical attention. The severity of a disaster is measured in lives lost, economic loss, and the ability of the population to rebuild. There is a need to create awareness through education training and information dissemination, community based approach followed by most NGOs and Community Based Organizations (CBOs) should be incorporated in the disaster management sector as an effective means of community participation. Disclaimer: Please note that all kinds of custom written papers ordered from AdvancedWriters.com academic writing service, including, but not limited to, essays, research papers, dissertations, book reviews, should be used as reference material only. What have you learned from the DRRM seminar x workshop x training x practicals? Avalanches are very damaging and cause huge loss to life and property. Reflection Paper. However, in 1920, there was a published study referred to as the catastrophe and social change by Henry Samuel Prince. The major disasters that may occur in man-made activities include deforestation, fires, and pollution due to their prawn activities. Disasters often follow natural hazards. In a time of global warming, these 'eco-disaster' films are fraught with meaning. C-ENG18 . Reflective essays are very personal thus, they’re a special type of essay. A disaster is a serious disruption occurring over a short or long period of time that causes widespread human, material, economic or environmental loss which exceeds the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources. Insurance is a potentially important mitigation measure in disaster-prone areas as it brings quality in the infrastructure consciousness and a culture of safety by its insistence on following building codes, norms, guidelines, quality materials in construction etc. In the essay, you should demonstrate and describe different feelings or emotions which you’ve felt in the past. In some areas, the population has gotten somewhat prepared for the eventuality of disasters and shelters are built for hurricanes and tornadoes. Kolb's theory works on two levels. These activities may include relocation, rescue, water, and food provision, preventing disability and disease, repair of vital services like transport, provision of temporary shelter, and health care emergency. Nevertheless, we can prevent these with the right governance and respective laws that will reduce the risk of natural and man-made disasters that are being presented. These complex and major emergencies are linked closely to an anarchic growth population that leads to poverty, unplanned population settlements, and environmental degradation. When nearly 380 people were killed when massive landslides washed away the entire village. The most vulnerable areas, according to the present seismic zone map of India include the Himalayan and Sub-Himalayan regions, Kutch and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. They are borderless as they affect both developing and developed countries. The most important thing in disaster management is minimizing losses when disaster happens together with ensuring that resources are utilized effectively (as they are scarce already). There are many Natural disasters that damage the environment and the people living in it. Introduction: ADVERTISEMENTS: The definition of natural disasters is any catastrophic event that is … But there arestill natural disasters that come up rather unexpectedly, such as earthquakes, wildfires, landslides, or even volcanic eruptions. It is hard for a day to pass without news about complex or major emergencies happening in different parts of the world, as disasters continue to strike causing destruction to both developed and undeveloped countries (Dyregrov, 1999). An essay is, generally, a piece of writing that gives the author's own argument — but the definition is vague, overlapping with those of a letter, a paper, an article, a pamphlet, and a short story.Essays have traditionally been sub-classified as formal and informal. For instance, some people are vulnerable to flood only because they live in a flood prone area. How to Develop Your Writing Style →. On an average, five to six tropical cyclones form every year, of which two or three could be severe. As per Snow and Avalanche Study Establishment (SASE), of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), on an average around 30 people are killed every year due to this disaster in various zones of the Himalayas. For example, the developing countries are much more seriously affected in terms of the loss of lives, hardship borne by population and the percentage of their GNP lost. We know that the Office of Civil Defense- Regional Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (OCD-RDRRMC) 4A- celebrates in July of each year the National Disaster Resilience Month (NDRM). Curriculum development with a focus towards dissemination of disaster related information on a sustained basis, covering all school levels may be worked out by the different school boards in the country. The first person to deliver an evidence-based study was Prince. Therefore, all development schemes in vulnerable areas should include a disaster mitigation analysis, where by the feasibility of a project is assessed with respect to vulnerability of the area and the mitigation measures required for sustainability. Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) is the concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through analysis and management of the causal factors of disasters. At the same time, a natural disaster exposes the various human frailties and faults that led to the disaster in the first place. Annals of Behavioural Medicine. Novin on April 14, 2020: You are awesome, you help me a lot to understand how i can write my reflective story. Reflection Paper. The flood hazard is compounded by the problems of sediment deposition, drainage congestion and synchronization of river floods with sea tides in the coastal plains. Also, as an immediate fall-out, disasters reduce revenues from the affected region due to lower levels of economic activity leading to loss of direct and indirect taxes. 4. Disaster management is a term that is usually referred to as the management of resources and responsibilities in dealing with the losses of life and property in a disaster like an earthquake, volcanic eruptions, epidemics and pandemics. Towards the the policy objective of anticipating and reducing risk is called disaster reduction... 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