Approaches to Learning
International Baccalaureate (IB) programs are structured around an inquiry-based approach to learning and understanding, allowing students to explore, investigate, take action, and make meaningful reflections during each unit of study. Teaching and learning through inquiry helps students to grow in their capacity to:
· make connections between previous learning and current learning
· experiment and play with various possibilities
· make predictions and take action to see what happens
· collect data and report findings
· clarify existing ideas and reappraise perceptions of events
· deepen understanding through the application of a concept
· make and test theories
· research and seek information
· take and defend a position
· solve problems in a variety of ways1
In addition to being inquiry-based, the IB Primary Years Programme (PYP) and Middle Years Programme (MYP), both of which Oman Private School (OPS) is a candidate school for, are designed and implemented at OPS to be concept-driven, contextualized, collaborative, differentiated, and informed by assessment. Each unit of study is also designed with a concentration on specific Approaches to Learning skills with an inquiry focus to help in the learning and growing process. These specific skills and focuses are as follows:
· Inquiry focus: How can students communicate through interaction?
· Inquiry focus: How can students demonstrate communication through language?
· Inquiry focus: How can students collaborate?
· Inquiry focus: How can students demonstrate organization skills?
· Inquiry focus: How can students manage their own state of mind?
· Inquiry focus: How can students be reflective?
· Inquiry focus: How can students demonstrate information literacy?
· Inquiry focus: How can students demonstrate media literacy?
· Inquiry focus: How can students think critically?
· Inquiry focus: How can students be creative?
· Inquiry focus: How can students transfer skills and knowledge across disciplines and subject groups?2
To allow for proper growth and development, not all skills are focused on in a given unit; only certain ones are emphasized. The on-going development of these Approaches to Learning skills are varied through different content and resources, and nurtured properly, will enable students to become lifelong learners.
1 International Baccalaureate, From Principles into Practice, September 2014, pg. 73
2 International Baccalaureate, From Principles into Practice, September 2014, pgs. 98-104