who wrote the florentine codex

Source: Excerpt from the Florentine Codex, an account of Aztec life originally written by Mexican natives between 1570-1585 under the supervision of Spanish friar Bernardino de Sahagún, whose primary goal was to convert the natives of Mexico to Christianity. He received his master’s and doctorate degrees from the Universidad Nacional Autónomo de México and taught at the University of Utah from 1939-1978, where he became a Distinguished Professor of Anthropology. On the occasion of the European Heritage Days (29-30 September 2007), the Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana celebrates one of the most famous 16th-century codices in its collections, MS Med. Donate or volunteer today! 218–20, containing the final version of the Historia general de las cosas de Nueva España (“General History of the Things of New Spain”) by Bernardino de Sahagún (1499-1590) and commonly … He received his MA from Claremont College and his PhD in anthropology from the University of Southern California. General History of the Things of New Spain by Fray Bernardino de Sahagún: The Florentine Codex. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The Aztecs actually referred to themselves as the Mexica, thence the name of the modern nation of Mexico. Who wrote it and for what purpose? Culture in plague times: The Florentine Codex, an encyclopedia on Mesoamerican indigenous life, was created as Mexico was ravaged by smallpox Bernardino de Sahagun’s General History of the Things of New Spain, also known as the Florentine Codex, is a monumental work dealing with the history of the Native American Aztec people of Mexico. He was a curator of history and director of publications at the Museum of New Mexico in Santa Fe and taught at a number of institutions, including San Diego State University, from which he retired. [The Codex is] an impressive monument to Spanish humanism in the sixteenth-century New World.”—The Hispanic American Historical Review, “Sahagún emerges as the indisputable founder of ethnographic science. Sahagún’s preparation for the creation of the Florentine Codex began shortly after his arrival in 1529 to New Spain, an area that included modern-day Mexico, Central America, Cuba, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, the Philippines, Florida, and most of the southwestern United States. General History of the Things of New Spain by Fray Bernardino de Sahagún: The Florentine Codex. After a translation mistake, it was given the name "Historia general de las cosas de Nueva España". Nahuatl is the language of the Aztecs, and it is still spoken today by millions of people in Mexico. The Florentine Codex is a primary source used by historians to help interpret the Conquest of the Americas. The Florentine Codex, or the Historia general de las cosas de nueva España (General History of the Things of New Spain), is a unique manuscript from the earliest years of Spanish dominance in the New World. Now housed in the Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana in Florence and bound in three lavishly illustrated volumes, the codex is a remarkable product of cultural exchange in the early Americas. Questions - Document B (1) Who wrote Florentine Codex is a set of 12 books created under the supervision of Franciscan friar Bernardino de Sahagún between approximately 1540 and 1576. During his first years in New Spain, Sahagún prepared for the creation of t… Written between 1540 and 1585, the Florentine Codex (so named because the manuscript has been part of the Laurentian Library's collections since at least 1791) is the most authoritative statement we have of the Aztecs' lifeways and traditions-a rich and intimate yet panoramic view of a doomed people. Sahagún’s preparation for the creation of the Florentine Codex began shortly after his arrival in 1529 to New Spain, an area that included modern-day Mexico, Central America, Cuba, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, the Phillippines, Florida, and most of the southwestern United States. Compiled by Friar Bernardino de Sahagún and a group of Nahuatl, [mesoamerica native Indians including Aztec Indians], scholars between 1575 and 1577. The English translation of the complete Nahuatl text of all twelve volumes of the Florentine Codex was a decades-long work of Arthur J.O. Both wrote their accounts decades after the meeting of Cortés and Moctezuma. If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. Two of the world’s leading scholars of the Aztec language and culture have translated Sahagún’s monumental and encyclopedic study of native life in Mexico at the time of the Spanish Conquest. Most impressive is the Florentine Codex, titled Historia general de las cosas de Nueva España (General History of the Things of New Spain), prepared during approximately the last half of the 16th century by Franciscan friar Bernardino de Sahagún and his Aztec students. Khan Academy is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. This lesson explores Sahagun's life, as well as the creation of the Codex. Anderson and Charles Dibble, an important contribution to the scholarship on Mesoamerican ethno-history. List of IllustrationsPrefacio by Miguel León-PortillaIntroductions by Arthur J. O. Anderson and Charles E. DibbleVariations of a Sahaguntine Theme by Arthur J. O. AndersonSahagún's Historia by Charles E. DibbleThe Watermarks in the Florentine Codex by Charles E. DibbleSahagún: Career and Character by Arthur J. O. AndersonSahagun's Prologues and Interpolations(translated from the Spanish by Charles E. Dibble):Book I: The Gods• Prologue• To the Sincere ReaderBook II: The Ceremonies• Prologue• To the Sincere Reader• Exclamation of the Author• Comment on the Sacred SongsBook III: The Origin of the Gods• PrologueBook IV: The Soothsayers• Prologue• To the Sincere ReaderBook V: The Omens• Prologue• Appendix PrologueBook VI: Rhetoric and Moral Philosophy• PrologueBook VII: The Sun, Moon, and Stars, and the Binding of the Years• Prologue• To the ReaderBook VIII: Kings and Lords• PrologueBook IX: The Merchants• PrologueBook X: The People• Prologue• Author's Account Worthy of Being NotedBook XI: Earthly Things• Prologue • To the Sincere Reader• Note• Note Also• Eighth Paragraph• MaizeBook XII: The Conquest• To the ReaderIndices compiled by Arthur J. O. AndersonSubject MatterPersons and DeitiesPlacesBibliography, “Highly recommended for all academic and large public libraries.”—Choice, “A great scholarly enterprise.”—New Mexico Historical Review, “Bringing the knowledge of modern scholarship to bear on their materials, the translators have been able to illuminate many obscurities in the text. ( 1907-1996 ) was an anthropologist specializing in Aztec culture and language in anthropology from University... Encyclopedic project titled general History of the complete nahuatl text of all twelve volumes of modern... Area into twelve books and includes over 2,000 illustrations drawn by Nahua in... A digitized version of the Things of New Spain on behalf of the complete nahuatl of... Name of the Florentine Codex < < Florentine Codex is a 16th century ethnographic research project in Mesoamerica Franciscan... 3 ) nonprofit organization 12 books created under the supervision of Bernardino de Sahagún between approximately and! 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